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General Degree

Level One - Syllabus - BSc. General Degree Program
Semester One
  • PHY1114: General Physics I (60 lecture hrs)
    Classical Mechanics: Particle Dynamics; Motion of a System of Particles; Conservation of Linear Momentum, Inertial and Non-inertial Frames of Reference, Rotation in Space, Conservation of Angular Momentum, Centrifugal and Coriolis Forces, Precession, Work-Energy; Conservative Forces, Equilibrium and Potential Energy, Bernoulli’s Equation, Collisions and Reactions; Impulse, Center of Mass Reference Frame, Elastic and Inelastic Collisions and Their Conservation Laws, Reaction Threshold, Gravitation; Planetary Motion, Elasticity and Bending of Beams.

    Wave Motion and Acoustics Mechanical Systems: Executing Simple Harmonic Motion, Wave motion, Wave Propagation in Stretched Strings, Gases and Solids, Resonance Phenomena; Ear and Hearing; Intensity and Characteristics of Sound, Doppler Effect and Its Applications; Ultrasound, Shock Waves.

  • PHY1b22: General Physics I (45x2 laboratory hrs)
    A three-hour laboratory class will be conducted in each week. A minimum of 12 distinct relevant introductory experiments will be offered in each semester. Students are expected to submit a report for each experiment. The course runs through both semesters. Examination is held at the end of semester II.
Semester Two
  • PHY1214: General Physics II (60 lecture hrs)
    Electricity and Magnetism I: Electrostatics, Electric Force, Electric Field, Gauss’ Law, Electric Potential, Equipotential Surfaces, Electric Dipole, Capacitors, Dielectrics, Polarization, Susceptibility, Electric Energy Density, Electric force on Charged Surfaces. Current Electricity; Electric Current, Drift Velocity, Conductivity, Network Theorems; Kirchoff’s Law, Maxwell’s Cyclic Law, Supper Position Theorem, Thevenin Theorem, Reciprocity Theorem, Delta () and Y Circuits. Magnetism; Magnetic Field, Biot-Savart Law, Ampere’s Law, Gauss’ Law, Lorentz Force, Force on a Current Element, EM Induction, Self and Mutual Induction, Transformers, Magnetic Materials, Magnetic Energy Density, Moving Coil Galvanometer and its Applications, DC and AC Circuits.

    Geometrical and Physical Optics: Defects of Images, Dispersion, Principle of Superposition, Electromagnetic Wave Aspect of Light, Huygens Principle, Interference, Diffraction, Experimental Methods of Demonstrating Interference and Diffraction, Resolving Power, Polarization, Optics of Crystals. Lasers and their Applications, Holography, Fiber Optics.
Level Two - Syllabus - BSc. General Degree Program
Semester One
  • PHY2114: General Physics III (60 lecture hrs)
    Thermal Physics: Heat Transfer, Kinetic Theory of Gases, Real Gases, Equation of State, First and Second Law of Thermodynamics, Heat Engines, Entropy, Enthalpy, Application of Principles of Thermodynamics to Special Systems, e.g. Latent Heat Equations, Specific Heats, Maxwell’s Relations, Joule-Kelvin Effect, Liquefaction of Gases, Black Body Radiation.

    Classical Mechanics II: Lagrangian Formulation, Lagrange’s Equations and Their Application to Simple Systems, Small Oscillations, Coupled Oscillations and Normal Modes of Vibrations, Damped Vibrations, Forced Vibrations, Transient and Steady State Solutions, Motion Under a Central Force, Effective Potential.

  • PHY2b22: General Physics I (45x2 laboratory hrs)
    A three-hour laboratory class will be conducted in each week. A minimum of 12 distinct relevant introductory experiments will be offered in each semester. Students are expected to submit a report for each experiment. The course runs through both semesters. Examination is held at the end of semester II.

  • PHY2112: Electronics (30 lecture hrs)
    Signals, Electronic Components, Voltage and Power Transfer, Semiconductors, Junction Diodes and their Characteristics, Rectifier Circuits, DC Power Suppliers, Smoothing Circuits, Filters, LED Display Circuits, Bipolar Junction Transistors, Transistor Characteristics and Modes of Operations, Equivalent Circuits, Field Effect Transistors, Amplifiers; Tuned, Power and Feedback Amplifiers, Oscillators, Operational Amplifiers, Inverting and Non-Inverting Amplifies. Digital Electronics: Numerical representations, Binary Arithmetic, Use of Boolean Algebra, Logic Gate, Truth Tables, Combinational Logic Circuits Sequential Logic Circuits, Flip- Flops and Their Simple Applications.
Semester Two
  • PHY2214: General Physics IV (60 lecture hrs)
    Electricity and Magnetism II: Mathematical Formulation of Electrostatics, Magnetostatics and Electromagnetic Induction, Boundary Value Problems, Maxwell’s Equations, Plane Electromagnetic Waves in Free space.

    Atomic and Nuclear Physics: Quantum Theory for Radiation, Particle Properties of Light, Photoelectric and Compton Effects, Wave Properties of Material Particle, de Broglie Postulate and Its Experimental Verification, Rutherford Scattering, Structure of The Atom, Bohr Theory, Atomic Spectra, X-rays, X-ray Diffraction. Radioactivity, Properties and Stability of Nuclei, Nuclear Reactions, Fission Cosmic Rays, Quarks, Nuclear force, Applications in Medical Physics.

    Special Theory of Relativity: Galilean Transformation, Michelson-Morley Experiment, Einstein’s Postulates, Lorentz Transformation, Length Contraction, Time Dilation and Twin Paradox, Velocity Transformation, Space-time Diagrams, Minkowshki Space, Four Vectors and Tensors, Conservation of Four-Momentum, Relativistic Dynamics.
  • PHY2222: Electronics Practical(45 laboratory hrs)
    Op. Prerequisite: PHY2112 (This course unit is a pre-requisite for those students who wish to follow the Special Degree in Physics) A minimum of 12 distinct electronic experiments will be offered. In addition, a project relevant to electronics has to be completed. Examination is held at the end of semester II.
Level Three - Syllabus - BSc. General Degree Program
Semester One
  • PHY3114: General Physics V (60 lecture hrs)
    Quantum Mechanics: Failures of Classical Physics, Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, Schrodinger Equation, Probability Interpretation of the Wave Function, Solution of the Schrodinger Equation for Piecewise Constant Potentials, Operators, Expectation Values and Eigen Value Problems, Angular Momentum, Hydrogen Atom.

    Statistical Physics: Basic Probability Concepts; Binomial, Gaussian and Poisson Distributions Canonical Ensemble, Partition Function, Maxwell velocity distribution, Maxwell-Boltzmann, Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein Distributions and Their Applications to Simple Systems.

    Solid State Physics: Introduction to Crystallography; Crystal Structures, Crystal Defects, X-ray Diffraction, Free and Nearly Free Electron Theories, Electron Specific Heat, Band Theory of Solids, Metals, Semiconductors and Insulators, p-n Junction and Its Applications.

  • PHY3121: General Physics Practical II (45 laboratory hrs)
    A three-hour laboratory class will be conducted in each week. A minimum of 12 distinct relevant general experiments will be offered during semester I. Students are expected to submit a report for each experiment. Examination is held at the end of semester I.
Semester Two

  • PHY3232: Astronomy - Optional (30 lecture hrs)
    Solar System and Stars: The Earth, The Moon and Planets, Other Bodies of the Solar System, Comets, Asteroids, Classification, Formation and Evolution of Stars, Red Giants, White Dwarfs, Neutron Stars, Pulsars, Binary Stars and Black Holes.

    Nature of The Universe: The Milky Way Galaxy, The Interstellar Medium, Formation, Evolution and Classification of Galaxies, Radio Galaxies, Quasars, Cosmological Models, Big Bang Theory.

  • PHY3242: Computational Physics I - Optional (15 lecture hrs, 30 laboratory hrs)
    Computer Arithmetic, Error and uncertainties in Computation, Numerical differentiation: first order and second order derivatives, 2-point and 5-point formulae; Numerical integration: Trapezoidal and Simpson’s rules, composite and recursive formulae; Solving non-linear equations: Bisection, Newton’s and Secant methods; Interpolation: Lagrange, linear, polynomial, Divided difference and cube spline interpolation, Neville algorithm, least square fitting, Goodness of fit estimator, maximum likelihood method.

  • PHY3252: Special Topics in Physics - Optional (30 lecture hrs)
    Topics will vary depending on available resources and the topics will be announced at the beginning of the semester. Some possible topics: Medical Physics, Energy Technology, Renewable Energy (solar, Wind etc.), Particle Physics and Accelerators, Superconductors, Fibre Optics, Thin Films, Semiconductors, Satellite Remote Sensing, Atmospheric Physics and Nanotechnology.

  • PHY3262: Physics for Bioscience Students - Optional (30 lecture hrs)
    Force and Motion, Linear and Angular Momentum and their Conservation, Forces in Equilibrium, Work and Energy, Conservation of Energy, Fluids; Pressure, Surface Tension, Viscosity, Fluids in Motion, Sound Waves and Hearing, Temperature and Heat, Electric Fields and Currents, Resistance, Capacitance, Dielectrics, Magnetic Fields and Induction, Light and Optics and Vision, Nuclei and Particles, Radioactivity, (Emphasis will be given to applications of above concepts to biological systems).

  • PHY3272: Computational Physics II - Optional (15 lecture hrs, 30 laboratory hrs)
    Solving systems of linear Equation: Gaussian Elimination, Triangular Factorization, Jacobi and Gauss-Seidel iterative methods; Numerical Solution to Ordinary Differential Equations: Euler, Euler-Cromer, Improved Euler, Taylor Series and Fourth order Runge-Kutta methods; Carlo methods: Uniform and non-uniform random number generation, evaluation of multi- dimensional integration, Random Walk, Simulation applications; Solution of partial differential equations: Heat, Wave and Laplace equations.

  • PHY3282: Microcontrollers and Applications - Optional (15 lecture hrs, 30 laboratory hrs)
    Introduction to Microcontrollers, CISC and RISC Architectures, Microchip PIC Microcontrollers, Hardware Configuration, Memory Organization, Instruction Set, Assembly Language Programming, Programming Tools, Development Boards, I/O Ports, Basic I/O Programming, Software Delays, Lookup Tables, Interrupts Programming, Timers & Counters, Data Manipulating built-in EEPROM, Microcontrollers Programming in High Level Languages, A/D Conversion, D/A Conversions, Communications (USART Based serial communication, SPI and I2C), External EEPROMs, Interfacing the Sensors and Transducers, Keyboards, LCDs, PWM, Capture, Compare, Sound Generating, Embedded System Development.